Cavities is one of the most common and at the same time feared diseases. In its formation intervene internal factors such as saliva and external factors such as diet.

Let’s see next what it is, its symptoms and what the treatment consists of.

What is a caries?

Cavities is a bacterial infection. These bacteria secrete acids that corrode the enamel and undo the tooth. If not treated in time, this acid can reach the white tissue producing painful inflammations.

The bacterial plaque, in addition, adheres to the surface of the teeth forming the tartar.

The formation of that layer is inevitable but we can work to avoid the consequences. If we brush our teeth after meals, use mouthwash and avoid sugary foods we can greatly minimize the chances of suffering them.

How can I know if I have it?

In most cases, a visual inspection is sufficient to detect it. It usually produces black spots on the tooth. If it is not stopped, it will advance until it causes extreme sensitivity to cold and heat.

In any case, in the slightest doubt, the ideal is to go to the dentist, who will give us the appropriate treatment to the state of the infection.

Caries treatment

The treatment will depend on the state in which you are. If it is superficial, it will be enough to eliminate it and treated with a composite reconstruction. The composite is a synthetic material that reinforce the enamel and hermetically seal the holes produced by the caries.

If, on the contrary, decay has reached the dental nerve, we will have to resort to endodontics. The objective here is to replace the large loss of material of the tooth so we must fill that gap with composite. In the most advanced cases of the disease, the most effective is to use the dental crown.


As we can see, if not treated in time it can cause pain and discomfort. Therefore, it is necessary to visit our trusted dentist at least once a year, or visit every 6 months.